Profile of Udalguri

Udalguri town is the district headquarter of Udalguri district of Assam. Udalguri is famous for the Bhairabkunda located on the border of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh.


There are many hypothesis associated with the origin of the name of Udalguri. Some believe that the name Udalguri comes from two words odal which means a tree and guri meaning roots. The combination of which gives the name Udalguri meaning a place surrounding the Udal tree. Others associate the name with the sage Uddalak Muni. The name Udalguri may also be connoted with two Bodo words ordala meaning wide and gundri meaning a powered object.

According to historians there existed a route from Udalguri to China and Afghanistan. This route served the purpose of export and import to Assam. In 1982 railways was set up from Tangla to Rangapara. The train had a passage through Udalguri. In the course of time Bodos, Nepalis, Assamese Bengali and North Indian people started migrating to the place.

Udalguri had served as the sub divisional headquarter of the Darrang district. Udalguri was also one of the districts in the Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District. After Udalguri district was made in 2004 Udalguri became the headquarter of the district.
Udalguri is a part of Mangaldai Lok Sabha Constituency.


Udalguri is situated at 26.7452 degree north and 92.0962 degree east. The town is located at an elevation of 590 feet. To the south of Udalguri is Darrang district, to the north is Arunachal Pradesh and Bhutan, to the east is Sonitpur district and to the west lies Baksa district.



As of 2011 India census the population of Udalguri was 832,769. The average literacy rate is 66.6%. The main inhabitants of the place are Bodo Kachari, Rabha, Koch Rajbongshis, Assamese, Nepali and tea tribes.


Udalguri has a sub tropical humid climatic condition. The region maintains temperate and moderate climate throughout the year. During summer the humidity level is high. During winters the temperature remains pleasant. Monsoons are characterized by heavy rainfall and thunderstorm. The area also faces flood due to heavy rainfall.


The economy of Udalguri is dependent on agriculture. Cottage and small scale industry also contributes to the economy other than agriculture.

  • E-mail

Comments / Discussion Board - Profile of Udalguri